Travelers on the Path of Knowledge

Knowledge is an ocean and a few drops just aren’t enough. -Unknown

Murid and Murad June 14, 2007

Filed under: Islam — musaafir @ 8:35 pm

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The Difference between a Murid and a Murad

The travelers on the path of love are of two types.  The first is called a murid [seeker], and denotes one whose progress is based on his own effort and worship.  The second is called a murad [one who is sought], and denotes a person whom the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala) Himself wishes to draw near to Him.

The difference between a murid and a murad may be understood by comparing the lives of Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam) and the blessed Prophet Muhammad (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam) .  Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam)  was a lover of Allah [muhibbullah],  while the blessed Prophet (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam)  was the beloved of Allah [mabbubullah].  The distinction is hightlighted by the following examples.

Example Number One

Prophet Musa (alayhis salam) was granted a meeting with Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  at Mount Sinai.  Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  narrates:

And when Musa came to meet Us. (7:143)    

However, when the blessed Prophet (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam)  was granted a meeting with Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  during the Ascension [mi’raj], Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) stated:

Glorified is He who brought His slave for a journey at night. (17:1)    

The verb “came” [ja’a]   is used for Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam)  whereas the verb “brought” [asra]   is used for the blessed Prophet (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam).   Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam)  was told where to come for the meeting, whereas the blessed Prophet (sallullahu alayhi wasallam)  was sent an angel to bring him to the meeting.

Example Number Two

Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam)  prayed:

O my Lord, expand my breast for me.  (20:25)    

Whereas, regarding the blessed Prophet (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam),  Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  revealed:

Have We not expanded for you your breast?  (94:1)    

Example Number Three

Prophet Musa (alayhis salaam)  had to climb Mount Sinai to recieve revelation, whereas the Quran was sent to the blessed Prophet (sallullahu ‘alayhi wasallam)

It is he (Gabriel) who has revealed (this scripture) upon your heart by Allah’s leave.  (2:97)    

The ways of love dictate that the lover [muhibb]  hopes and desires to meet the Beloved [mahhub]  subhana wa ta’ala.  Yet sometimes the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala)  also desires that the lover come to meet Him.  And when the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala)  also wishesd to meet, then it becomes easy to draw near to Him.

When the Most Beautiful One (subhana wa ta’ala)  arranges a meeting, then the true pleasure of love [‘ishq]  is attained.  When the lover knows the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala)  loves him well, then his happiness knows no bounds.

The love of the lover manifests in deep sighs of longing, whereas the love of the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala)  is subtle and hidden.  The love of the lover weakens his body, while the love of the Beloved (subhana wa ta’ala)  invigorates the lover’s body.

When Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  bestows His grace upon a servant, He opens the way to reach Him.  Then the remembrance [dhikr]  of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)  predominates.


One Response to “Murid and Murad”

  1. Yaser Says:

    That was quite an excellent piece of Quranic grammatical and miraculous beauty. I love this stuff. [that first sentence is unfixable]

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